One type of treatment called therapy is meant to assist in resolving emotional or mental problems. There are several forms of therapy accessible, including exposure therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and psychodynamic therapy.
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1. Behavioral-cognitive treatment
A therapist can investigate the connection between a patient’s behavior and thoughts, feelings, or both by using cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).
An individual will engage with a CBT therapist to identify unhealthy thought habits. The patient and the therapist will talk about how these patterns may or may not lead to self-destructive thoughts and actions.
The therapist and their client can collaborate to build positive thought patterns. These adjustments can help someone adopt new behaviors and attitudes as well as provide a healthier, more optimistic view.
2. Treatment using dialectical behavior
CBT and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) are comparable. DBT, on the other hand, places more emphasis on emotional control, mindfulness, and tolerating difficult ideas and sensations.
DBT is a tool used by therapists to assist clients in striking a balance between acceptance and transformation. A therapist can teach someone new skills, such mindfulness exercises and new coping mechanisms, by using DBT.
DBT was initially created by psychotherapists to help patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were having suicidal thoughts.
3. Therapy using eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
Therapists typically employ eye movement desensitization and reprocessing treatment (EMDR) to treat patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
In EMDR, a subject recalls a traumatic incident while doing certain eye movements.
The goal of EMDR is to replace negative responses to traumatic memories with softer or more pleasant ones.
The advantages of EMDR are still debatable, and a 2016 analysis of research by Trusted Source was unable to pinpoint the precise aspect of the therapy that is helpful. One result was that, rather than the eye movement, the advantages come from the individual’s exposure to the shock.
4. Counseling between people
The goal of interpersonal therapy is to assist a person in improving their interpersonal connections. Interpersonal therapy is a common treatment for depression used by therapists, according to NAMITrusted Source.
In the course of interpersonal treatment, the therapist assesses the patient’s social interactions and assists in identifying harmful patterns. After that, the therapist can assist the patient in learning how to comprehend and relate to people in a constructive way.
5. Therapy based on mentalization
BPD can be effectively treated with mentalization-based therapy (MBT), according to Psychology and PsychotherapyTrusted Source.
Mentalizing is a strategy used in MBT. People with BPD can better recognize and comprehend their own thoughts and feelings as well as those of others with the support of this treatment.
Giving a person with BPD a sense of self and assisting them in making connections with others is its main goal.
6. Psychodynamic counseling
The goal of psychodynamic therapy is to assist a patient in overcoming maladaptive behavioral patterns that result from prior experiences.
In this type of treatment, a patient answers questions from the therapist openly, which enables the therapist to spot thinking and behavior patterns.
A person can learn to overcome unhelpful habits and feelings if they comprehend how events have led to them.
According to a 2018 paper, psychodynamic therapy is effective in treating anxiety, BPD, and depressive disorders (Trusted Source). Nonetheless, this approach is used by therapists to address a variety of mental health conditions and personality problems.
A more intensive form of psychodynamic treatment is psychoanalysis. As per the American Psychiatric Association, treatment sessions often occur thrice a week or more.